Fern Spore Propagation

A basic understanding of the life cycle of a fern is essential for the successful propagation of ferns from 
spores.
Ferns do not flower but reproduce sexually from spores.
There are two distinct stages of the fern life cycle. Mature plants produce spores on the underside of the 
leaves. When these germinate they grow into small heart-shaped plants known as prothalli. Male and 
female cells are produced on these plants and after fertilization occurs the adult fern begins to develop.

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